PeterE skrev:Artikel i DN i dag:
http://www.dn.se/nyheter/sverige/trasfr ... samlingen/
Här är det nog frågan om att man i efterhand bryter upp en "diskurs" och placerar delar i en annan. Sjukvården hade behov av lik för utbildning och forskning. Tillgången var inte tillräcklig och att använda dödsdömdas, fattighjons med flera marginaliserades kroppar handlar nog mer om minsta motståndets lag än något annat. Det var inte ovanligt att personer ur högre samhällsklasser testamenterade sina kroppar till vetenskapen. Man genomför fortfarande undersökningar, gissningsvis, utan samtycke från personen ifråga eller dess anhöriga, till exempel av Peder Winstrup.
Wikipedia skrev:Resurrectionists in the United Kingdom
Resurrectionists were commonly employed by anatomists in the United Kingdom during the 18th and 19th centuries to exhume the bodies of the recently dead. Between 1506 and 1752 only a very few cadavers were available each year for anatomical research. The supply was increased when, in an attempt to intensify the deterrent effect of the death penalty, Parliament passed the Murder Act 1752. By allowing judges to substitute the public display of executed criminals with dissection (a fate generally viewed with horror), the new law significantly increased the number of bodies anatomists could legally access. This proved insufficient to meet the needs of the hospitals and teaching centres that opened during the 18th century. Corpses and their component parts became a commodity, but although the practice of disinterment was hated by the general public, bodies were not legally anyone's property. The resurrectionists therefore operated in a legal grey area.
Matters came to a head following the Burke and Hare murders of 1828. Parliament responded by setting up the 1828 Select Committee on anatomy, whose report emphasised the importance of anatomical science and recommended that the bodies of paupers be given over for dissection. In response to the discovery in 1831 of a gang known as the London Burkers, who apparently modelled their activities on those of Burke and Hare, Parliament debated a bill submitted by Henry Warburton, author of the Select Committee's report. Although it did not make body snatching illegal, the resulting Act of Parliament effectively put an end to the work of the resurrectionists by allowing anatomists access to the workhouse dead.